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The Fascinating Evolution of the Mother-Daughter Relationship Over 6 Decades and More

By Kim Brassor March 26, 2023 Family

Motherhood in America is based on a myth. We are taught to believe that we can parent perfectly when we can’t. The myth also says that we parent better than our parents and that we can change the pattern for future generations.

I like Jane Fonda’s reference to a woman’s life being like acts in a play. The first 30 years is Act I, the second 30 years is Act II and the final act begins at 60.

The three-act structure is a model used in screenwriting that divides a fictional narrative into three parts (acts), often called the Setup, the Confrontation and the Resolution. Here is how this applies to the mother-daughter relationship across the stages of a mother’s life.

Act I: Ages 0-29 – The Setup

Much has been written about the mother-daughter bond. More has been written about wicked stepmothers, drunken moms or non-protective parents. As a stay-at-home mother when my children were younger, I was blessed to have my own mom retired and available to babysit each time one of my children turned three. By then, I had grown weary of fighting off the terrible twos only to discover it was only a warm-up for being three. I needed a break and went to work until they were four so I could do it full-time again without hurting myself or someone else.

I remember one time talking to a career woman who was pining for the children she always thought she wanted to have, and I candidly told her some of the realities of daily life with a baby. They throw up on you and you change clothes three times just trying to get out the door.

Every day you feel every emotion you have – fear, jealousy, rage, love, empathy, sorrow, guilt, or depression – intensely. Sometimes opposing feelings overpower you within seconds of each other. Aren’t they sweet when they’re sleeping? Motherhood is exhausting.

Act II: Ages 30-59 – The Confrontation

I never intended to be a mother like my own. She was a housewife whose life revolved around her children and grandchildren. We were her social life, her reason for staying married to my white, privileged father and her diversion in the marriage. Yes, Mom was the hub, and we were the spokes. She was our connecting point.

With some predictability, each of my adult children in this stage has had to navigate their feelings and express or deny their frustration at the impact my choices had on their lives. I have watched them struggle with a separate identity from me, just as I did with my own mother.

After all, I am the one who is still here. I am the one they hold responsible for the shifting emotional sands in their psyches. I am also the one my children trust will still love and welcome them back no matter how long they’ve been gone or how much has been lost.

Act III: Ages 60+ – The Resolution

The mother-daughter relationship is a trust we built in utero that cannot be broken. It is a cozy comfort to which they will inevitably return when they have exhausted themselves from the tantrum. I know this because I was a daughter once, too.

By Act III we have had to learn to let go of our children’s choices – all of them. The education they chose to pursue – or not. The mate they chose to marry – or not. The children they chose to parent – or not. The drugs they chose to medicate with – or not.

I think it cycles back to an early developmental task of learning when to hold on and when to let go. What to hold on to and what to let go of and how to redefine the relationship according to the needs of the individuals involved at each stage.

Let Go of Control

We are generations of women with generational wounding, navigating significant hormonal shifts at three distinct stages of life. Each keeping secrets thinking it will save the other unnecessary pain. Each generation thinking it knows better how the one before should have handled life. Each denying the fundamental fact that we are a unit. When one suffers, we all suffer.

It is impossible to imagine holding my Act I teenage granddaughter responsible for thinking she knows better than her mother how she should be running her life. Life with teens is about survival in a house where their hormonal surges often collide with their mother’s as she approaches menopause and faces internal fears of a future without them underfoot.

Neither can I hold my Act II daughter accountable for thinking she knows better than I how I should have navigated my personal life when it came to deciding who to marry and how long to stay. Until the veil of menopause has been lifted for her, we are speaking fundamentally different languages. And I get that.

Letting go doesn’t mean we don’t care. Letting go doesn’t mean we shut down. Letting go means we stop trying to force outcomes and make people behave. It means we give up resistance to the way things are, for the moment.

Letting go means we stop trying to do the impossible – controlling that which we cannot – and instead focus on what is possible. That usually means staying in our own lane and navigating our own road. And we do this with as much gentleness, kindness, and love as we can muster.

The Road Ahead

My advantage in Act III is that I have traveled the path they are now on. I know it all leads up to a crescendo happy ending. Dress rehearsal is over. It is time to take the stage with authentic presence and accept that standing ovation that is every mother’s birthright.

I stand in humble gratitude for my own mother, who I failed to understand when she was alive and wish I could emulate now. What stage of life are you in?

Let’s Have a Conversation:

Is your daughter a woman you would want to spend time with? Are you someone whose company she enjoys? Have you developed a friendship outside of the parental bonds? What tips do you have for getting the most from a mother daughter relationship? Please share in the comments.

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Margaret Doyle

This is really good stuff! Thank you for getting me thinking and forgiving now that I am in my third stage

Patricia Black

👏🏼echoing your sentiment. Thank you for sharing

Debbie Jones

I watch my gorgeous, intelligent daughter hit her stride and become the woman she is meant to be and just expand with pride and love. And horribly , jealousy! What is up with that!! I’m learning to just let her go, think I’m doing pretty well. Going to work on my last act, deal with my husband getting older too( go figure that happens too) and leave a better footprint for my grandkids. Truly love life , wish everyone the best

Jeanne Quinn

That old adage…I wish I knew then what I know now…applies to both my mom, long since dead, and my daughter with whom Ihave, I hope and think, a rather good relationship…we laugh at the same things, shake our heads over the same things…but we are distinctly different and that I am learning to accept and hope she accepts me too for my sometime possibly old fashioned ideas..

Liz Walker

I am approaching 70 this year,we have a 44 year old Daughter,a 40 year old son and 2 Grandchildren.I am a very happily married woman of 45 years.Looking back, life goes so incredibly fast, once you are with your partner and children come along it seems it’s a permanent struggle to organise childminding,never mind trying to go out,then it’s a major worry when they go out drinking ,clubbing what a worrying time that was,then you come to think it’s our turn now,and thankGod we make time for us,😁,we do occasionally babysit which is a great joy,but so many of our friends are Ill with some condition or even death,we embrace every moment of travelling,going out etc,We do still make our opinions but now ( we used to ) try and make our point heard,but now we suggest and leave it at that,and we don’t get beaten up over their wrong decisions ( our opinion).Life’s in control.


Be open to the changes which are usually preceded by months/years of misunderstandings. It’s devastating when it happens, and there’s are bound to be painful encounters, but you grow. You both grow, and the relationship shifts and evolves, once more. I believe though, this can only happen when there is a long, solid history of loving relationship. I don’t think a weaker or more shallow relationship would not commit to the emotional and psychological work and survive the strain.

The Author

Kim Brassor is a human resource professional and executive coach who provides education, inspiration and encouragement to people with life damaging habits, and those who love them. She is 60-something and shining a light for other women to live their dreams without drama.

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