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5 Things You Need to Know About Advance Directives

By Jane Duncan Rogers March 10, 2021 Family

Marie’s son was distraught. He had told his mother he would have the doctors do everything they could – but now they were saying that they didn’t know how long she would be able to breathe on her own without the tube, nor did they know how long she might last if the machine continued to do most of the breathing for her.

Marie looked so sad as she lay in the hospital bed, a breathing tube in her mouth, oxygen mask on, and wired up to all different kinds of machines. Her son at her side, he could see she didn’t want all these wires around her. She was very weak, suffering from a terminal illness, and only able (sometimes) to nod her head slowly or shake it gently from side to side to make her wishes known.

The doctor tried to find out what she would want – to have the breathing tube kept in place or to have it taken out.

Her son knew he had to make a decision for his Mum, but found it hard without being able to hear her opinion. Eventually, he could see a faint nod of her head when she responded to the doctor’s clear question “Do you want me to take the breathing tube out, no matter what happens?”

The doctor did respond to Marie’s wishes and took the breathing tube out. She passed away peacefully the next afternoon, with her family by her bedside.

This family was lucky; their mother was still able (just) to communicate her wishes. But so much of this could have been different and more dignified if she had had an advance directive in place.

What Are Advance Directives?

Called slightly different names in different countries, an advance directive (aka living will, or advance healthcare decision) allows you to state in advance what kind of treatment or non-treatment you would like to receive towards the end of your life.

The directive is a record of a decision you have made yourself, to be used later if you lose your mental capacity. Hopefully, of course, it will never have to be used. It may or may not be a legal document in your country or state.

Without one, your power of attorney (if you have one) may not know what you would like to have happen, should they need to make decisions on your behalf. But there are a few other things that are necessary to think about before you can make your advance directive.

Here are five points to keep in mind:


What are the values you hold dear in life? If you don’t know what these are, it will be much more difficult to make decisions relating to the end of your life. For instance, Debbie knows that God will take care of her no matter what, and it is not her job to interfere in anything the doctors say, as they know best. It’s important she communicates this, both to her family and her doctors.

Comfort for Family

An advance directive helps your family because they know they are carrying out your wishes. Even if it is hard for them to come to terms with what you have said you want, it brings some comfort to know they are able to take care of you in this way – even if that means allowing you to die. The Advance Directive will tell family, friends, doctors and nurses under what conditions you would want to be kept alive or not.


Time and money can be saved. If you have the courage to face up to the fact that one day your life will come to an end, and act on this, not only will you benefit, but others will too. It has been shown that those who prepare advance directives are likely to use fewer medical resources, saving everyone time and your family or the government money.


It will prove invaluable to your Welfare Power of Attorney. This is the person who may need to act on your behalf if you are incapacitated for whatever reason and cannot do so for yourself. A directive helps them to know what you would have wanted if you could have said so yourself.

Sense of Control

No one really knows how their life will end, of course, but for most people it is not suddenly. It gives you some sense of control. That means you are likely to have a period where your advance directive instructions could be very useful.

It seems a sensible idea to do this, and yet most people don’t do it.  Many don’t even know what an advance directive or living will is.

I know how important this is because my husband had answered a few questions I had asked him well before he was on his deathbed. You can read about these in my book Gifted by Grief. However, at that time, I didn’t know about living wills or advance directives, and we did not cover every situation. I believe the ending of his life could have been easier had we done this together.

But now you do know about this, and I suggest you take action and move towards completing an advance directive for yourself, and help to avoid Marie’s situation.

Take my Before I Go quiz and discover for yourself how well-prepared you are in every way for your end of life – or not!

Note: If you want more information or inspiration on the topic of advance directives, the author runs a regular “Get Your Advance Directive Done” online Masterclass.

Have you prepared an advance directive? Have you experienced a death with a friend or family member where an advance directive would have been useful? What considerations have you taken into account for your wishes? Please join the conversation.

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The Author

Jane Duncan Rogers, author of Before I Go: The Essential Guide to Creating a Good End of Life Plan, is founder of not-for-profit They run an online Licensed End of Life Plan Facilitators training program, and provide products and courses to help people make a good end of life plan.

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